March 26, 2014
As we head into the home stretch of the 2014 filing season, here are a couple of reminders related to returns that include Schedule C or other small business income tax returns.
Simplified Home Office Deduction
Beginning with Tax Year 2013 returns, a taxpayer may choose to calculate their home office expense by using the new simplified method thus removing the requirement to file Form 8829 (Expenses for Business Use of Your Home).
By using the new simplified method, the taxpayer may use a flat deduction amount of $5 per square foot for up to 300 square feet of their home for business purposes.
If this method is used, then the entire allowable home mortgage interest and property taxes may be claimed on Schedule A.
It is important to note that the criteria for claiming an office in home deduction does not change if the taxpayer chooses to use the simplified method.
Small Business Health Care Tax Credit
The Small Business Health Care Tax Credit is available to businesses with fewer than 25 full time employees with average wages of less than $50,000. To be eligible, a qualifying employer must provide health insurance that covers at least 50 percent of the cost of single health care coverage for their employees.
Eligible small employers may claim this credit by completing Form 8941 (Credit for Small Employer Health Insurance Premiums) and including it with their 2013 federal tax return.
Credit is calculated on a sliding scale with a maximum credit of 35% of the employer's contribution that is made for their employees' health insurance premiums.
Maximum credit is available to employers with 10 or fewer full time employees and average wages of no more than $25,000. The credit is then reduced based on each additional employee and for each $1,000 increase in the average wages until the limits are reached.
For more information on the Small Business Health Care Tax Credit see the following: